Archives mensuelles : janvier 2013

Week 1: My individual learning focus

The Westminster Parliament (UK)

The Westminster Parliament (UK)

The French 'Assemblée nationale', the most important House of Parliament today

The French ‘Assemblée nationale’, the most important House of Parliament today

The first thing we have to do in this module is to define an individual learning focus,
which consists in defining and describing the aims we have chosen to fulfill during the semester. These aims will be progressively fulfilled.

I have began to study law at age 17, and from the beginning I was passionate about constitutional law, namely rules which apply to the State and public authorities. According to my Professor Cyril Brami at the ‘Université du Maine’, constitutional law is the set of legal rules under which the political power is established, exercised and transmitted. Constitutional law regulates the competition to gain power, it then adjusts the exercise of this power by rulers, and finally it frames and limits political power to guarantee a certain number of rights to the people.

Moreover, I founded in 2011 in France an association, called ‘Les Arènes de la République’, with friends, in order to organize and promote debates about political topics, but also to help people at the University to find an accurate cursus and after a job.
On the 8th of april, we will host Mrs Roselyne Bachelot, former Minister of Health, who will direct a conference about the parity in politics. She has worked for a long time about that topic. She is also well-known for his support to the same-sex couples partnership in 1999 (while she was the only one right-wing’s member of Parliament to vote the text !) and gay marriage today in France. A link to the website of this association is : http://www.lesarenesdelarepublique.org/

That is why I have chosen to work on the most important differences between the constitutional systems in France and in the United-Kingdom, and to explain to which extent those differences are due to the civil law and common law divide. Why do I find that topic interesting ? Because it permits to compare rules and institutions, and therefore to improve the national law by inspiring ourselves of other legal systems. It could be a refinement, a sophistication of the national law.

The aims are therefore to :
– in a spirit of discovery, to find the most important differences and the similarities between the two constitutional systems.
to be able to explain such similarities and differences, and also to understand the social, historical and cultural origins of these two constitutional systems 
– to develop a critical thinking about these two systems : not only to describe, but also to criticize or support them.
– to find solutions for the problems that may arise in each constitutional legal system, to improve the domestic rules
– to discover new textbooks, new thinking, new ideas about the two systems by exploring books, journal articles and commentaries
– to learn important elements for my personal culture/knowledge.

Philippe